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Calls to Abolish: Modern opponents of the Electoral College argue against what they call antidemocratic aspects of the institution, criticizing both the intermediary electors and the state-by-state system of voting.Calls to fundamentally change the Electoral College reached a peak after Republican George W.
in a paper on the Electoral College: “In creating the basic architecture of the American government, the Founders struggled to satisfy each state’s demand for greater representation while attempting to balance popular sovereignty against the risk posed to the minority from majoritarian rule.” at the 1787 Constitutional Convention.
It was eventually justified in part as a stopgap to potentially reverse the vote if the people elected a criminal, traitor, or similar kind of heinous person.
Swing states change over time, and the 2016 election could be a prime example of swing-state unpredictability and erosion of the traditional partisan political map.
Additionally, if the president were elected by unfiltered national vote, small and rural states would become irrelevant, and campaigns would spend their time in large, populous districts.
Others complain that the system rewards smaller states with more proportional power than the large ones.
Every four years, around election time, there are murmurs about revamping the system and moving toward a direct, national popular vote.
Bush defeated Democrat Al Gore in the tightly contested 2000 election.
Gore narrowly won the national popular vote, and many of his supporters howled that the system—even without the Supreme Court stepping in—was unfair.
Farmers in Iowa may have very different concerns than bankers in New York.
A more federalist system of electing presidents takes that into account.