The damage the crisis did was psychological as well as financial.It revealed fundamental weaknesses in the West’s political systems, undermining the self-confidence that had been one of their great assets.Tags: Business Plan One PageWeak Ai ThesisGood Historical References For Sat EssayEssay On Rationalism And EmpiricismSimple Research Paper TopicsResearch Review Paper Biodiesel From Microalgae Yusuf Chisti
This is what happened in much of the Arab spring, and also in Ukraine’s Orange revolution a decade ago.
In 2004 Mr Yanukovych was ousted from office by vast street protests, only to be re-elected to the presidency (with the help of huge amounts of Russian money) in 2010, after the opposition politicians who replaced him turned out to be just as hopeless. Where autocrats have been driven out of office, their opponents have mostly failed to create viable democratic regimes.
But stand farther back and the triumph of democracy looks rather less inevitable.
After the fall of Athens, where it was first developed, the political model had lain dormant until the Enlightenment more than 2,000 years later.
The collapse of the Soviet Union created many fledgling democracies in central Europe.
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By 2000 Freedom House, an American think-tank, classified 120 countries, or 63% of the world total, as democracies.
In the first half of the 20th century nascent democracies collapsed in Germany, Spain and Italy.
By 1941 there were only 11 democracies left, and Franklin Roosevelt worried that it might not be possible to shield “the great flame of democracy from the blackout of barbarism”.
Yet these days the exhilaration generated by events like those in Kiev is mixed with anxiety, for a troubling pattern has repeated itself in capital after capital. Regime-sanctioned thugs try to fight back but lose their nerve in the face of popular intransigence and global news coverage.
The world applauds the collapse of the regime and offers to help build a democracy.