He argued that increases in population would eventually diminish the ability of the world to feed itself and based this conclusion on the thesis that populations expand in such a way as to overtake the development of sufficient land for crops.Associated with Darwin, whose theory of natural selection was influenced by Malthus' analysis of population growth, Malthus was often misinterpreted, but his views became popular again in the 20th century with the advent of Keynesian economics.
The "friend[s] of the present order of things" prophesy that political change will bring about the ruin of humanity.
"Speculative philosophers" such as William Godwin, meanwhile, look forward to an era of future bliss and perfection.
Subsistence only increases in an arithmetical ratio.
A slight acquaintance with numbers will show the immensity of the first power compared to the second".
The French Revolution, still ongoing, had begun less than a decade earlier in 1789, prompting a variety of reactions from British thinkers across the Channel.
Thomas Malthus An Essay On Population Masks In Macbeth Essay
Conservatives, whom Malthus here describes as the "friend[s]" of the status quo, deplored the French Revolution as a gory affair that left France worse off than it was before.
But will this set humanity on a course to keep on improving, becoming happier, healthier, and wiser?
So far, two opposing camps of thinkers have attempted to answer the question.
In throwing off the yoke of the aristocracy, they argued, France had left itself to be governed by a confused rabble.
Furthermore, they feared British commoners—inspired by French and American examples—would instigate a revolution of their own.