Teamwork Research Paper

Teamwork Research Paper-57
Some of the main reasons will be discussed, along with ways to keep teams small.

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Thus, coordination means that the teams have to develop and agree upon a common task-related goal structure that has sufficiently clear sub-goals for each team member, free of gaps and overlaps. For permission to reproduce this material, please contact PMI or any listed author.

It is important to the quality of teamwork that every team member is able to contribute all task-relevant knowledge and experience to the team.

Six facets of the collaborative work process in teams comprehensively describe the quality of teamwork.

These six facets—communication, coordination, balance of member contributions, mutual support, effort, and cohesion—comprise performance relevant measures of team internal processes.

How does the project's task innovativeness come into play? This study and others have repeatedly demonstrated that smaller teams perform better teamwork.

Yet many teams end up fairly large, for a number of reasons.Hence, the following discussions start with asking what is good teamwork, leading to a brief discussion of assessing teamwork quality by means of its six facets.This is followed by a discussion when teamwork quality matters most. The paper concludes with one key driver of teamwork quality, that is., team size.It would defeat the purpose of teams if some team members could not bring in their views and ideas because others were dominating discussions and decision-making processes. Therefore, it is considered essential to teamwork quality that contributions to the team task are balanced with respect to each member's specific knowledge and experience. Teams differ with regard to the quality of their collaborative team process.Following Hoegl & Gemuenden (2001), the quality of teamwork, however, can be perceived and assessed only indirectly.Workload sharing and prioritizing of the team's task over other obligations are indicators for the effort team members exert on the common task. In order to achieve high teamwork quality and avoid conflict among team members, it is important for everyone in the team to know and accept the work norms concerning sufficient effort. Competitive behaviors in a team lead to distrust and frustration, whereas mutual support fosters the integration of team members' expertise and is therefore a critical aspect of the quality of collaboration in teams. Team norms regarding the effort of team members are of particular importance to the collaborative team process. Improving the creativity of organizational work groups.


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