Like the rest of the document, apart from block quotations, it should be double-spaced and laid out clearly.
Panda Tip: Depending on the length of your research proposal, you may wish to include a contents page for the proposal itself (not for your main research project: suggested contents for this is included in your Proposed Chapter Outline, section 9), as follows (add page numbers / subsections when you know them, depending on your research).
This is one of the most important sections of your research proposal.
It demonstrates that you know your field, who the key research players are in it, what has been said in the past and what is being said at the moment.
What is most impressive is having an idea that is worthy of academic research whilst remaining comprehensible.
Panda Tip: While this document has the form of a sample, the main body of an academic proposal needs to be based on your research idea: all the rest of the content needs to flow from that if it is to be academically credible.
You need to explain, clearly and simply, how your research will complement the field you have just described in your literature review: what you will add, how it fills an existing gap, why the academic world would benefit from your research, etc.
Panda Tip: One sentence for each question/assertion.