Cigarettes are primarily industrially manufactured but also can be hand-rolled from loose tobacco and rolling paper.Other smoking implements include pipes, cigars, bidis, hookahs, and bongs.
Before modern times these substances have been consumed through pipes, with stems of various lengths or chillums.
Cannabis smoking was common in the Middle East before the arrival of tobacco, and was early on a common social activity that centered around the type of water pipe called a hookah.
After the European exploration and conquest of the Americas, the practice of smoking tobacco quickly spread to the rest of the world.
In regions like India and Sub-Saharan Africa, it merged with existing practices of smoking (mostly of cannabis).
The health hazards of smoking have caused many countries to institute high taxes on tobacco products, run ads to discourage use, limit ads that promote use, and provide help with quitting for those who do smoke.
Many ancient civilizations, such as the Babylonians, Indians and Chinese, burnt incense as a part of religious rituals, as did the Israelites and the later Catholic and Orthodox Christian churches.
Less common drugs for smoking include cannabis and opium.
Some of the substances are classified as hard narcotics, like heroin, but the use of these is very limited as they are usually not commercially available.
Smoking in the Americas probably had its origins in the incense-burning ceremonies of shamans but was later adopted for pleasure, or as a social tool.
The smoking of tobacco, as well as various hallucinogenic drugs, was used to achieve trances and to come into contact with the spirit world.