Exclude detailed descriptions of organisms, materials and methods.Tables or figures, references to tables or figures, or references to literature cited usually are not included in this section. An easy way to write the abstract is to extract the most important points from each section of the paper and then use those points to construct a brief description of your study.Most of the paper should be written in the PAST TENSE (was, were).
Exclude detailed descriptions of organisms, materials and methods.Tables or figures, references to tables or figures, or references to literature cited usually are not included in this section. An easy way to write the abstract is to extract the most important points from each section of the paper and then use those points to construct a brief description of your study.Most of the paper should be written in the PAST TENSE (was, were).Tags: Essay Writing On SmugglingDivision Problem Solving For Grade 3Perhaps Vera Brittain EssayStudent Essay On Drug TraffickingBirth Control And The Catholic Church EssaysExample Of A Term Paper FormatCensorship Libraries EssayExample Of Conclusion In A Research Paper
All background information gathered from other sources must, of course, be appropriately cited.
(Proper citation of references will be described later.)A helpful strategy in this section is to go from the general, theoretical framework to your specific question. Remember that you are writing for classmates who have knowledge similar to yours.
Present only the most relevant ideas and get quickly to the point of the paper. This section explains how and, where relevant, when the experiment was done.
The researcher describes the experimental design, the apparatus, methods of gathering data and type of control.
Scientific papers must be written clearly and concisely so that readers with backgrounds similar to yours can understand easily what you have done and how you have done it should they want to repeat or extend your work.
When writing papers for the biology department, you can assume that your audience will be readers like yourselves with similar knowledge.This title reports exactly what the researcher has done by stating three things: If the title had been only "Effects of Light and Temperature on Escherichia coli ", the reader would have to guess which parameters were measured.(That is, were the effects on reproduction, survival, dry weight or something else?Scientific experiments are demanding, exciting endeavors, but, to have an impact, results must be communicated to others.A research paper is a method of communication, an attempt to tell others about some specific data that you have gathered and what you think those data mean in the context of your research.) If the title had been "Effect of Environmental Factors on Growth of Escherichia coli ", the reader would not know which environmental factors were manipulated.If the title had been "Effects of Light and Temperature on the Growth of an Organism", then the reader would not know which organism was studied.The section headings (Abstract, Introduction, etc.) should be centered and the body of each section should follow immediately below the heading. If one section ends part of the way down the page, the next section heading follows immediately on the same page.One important general rule to keep in mind is that a scientific paper is a report about something that has been done in the past.After placing your work in a broader context, you should state the specific question(s) to be answered.This section may also include background information about the problem such as a summary of any research that has been done on the problem in the past and how the present experiment will help to clarify or expand the knowledge in this general area.