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However, the distinguishing feature between the two explanations is that …” …
Many researchers struggle when it comes to writing literature review for their research paper.
A literature review is a comprehensive overview of all the knowledge available on a specific topic till date.
The overall goals of this chapter were firstly to establish the significance of the general field of study, then identify a place where a new contribution could be made.
On the other hand, systematic reviews follow a well-planned methodology to qualitatively or quantitatively analyze a defined number of studies.
They usually focus on a single question and have clear study objectives that are worked upon in a systematic manner.“That is, the differences found between individuals and groups could simply be due to the participants giving their reports for a second time …” …“ on collaborative memory is that the memory of groups is compared with that of individuals. group performance should not be compared with individual performance but rather with ‘nominal groups’ comprised of pooled, non-redundant data from the same number of people tested individually.” 8. Most research involving the Experimentally Induced Information methodology seeks to identify the influence of misinformation presented by one witness to another, and therefore the assumption is made that discussion between witnesses is a detrimental process. “While the misinformation effect is a well-established phenomenon, ‘what remains in dispute is the nature of a satisfactory theoretical explanation’ (ref.). Therefore, in order to understand why memory conformity occurs, we must draw from both cognitive research on memory and social research on conformity.Almost all innocent individuals exonerated by DNA evidence had been convicted primarily as a result of erroneous eyewitness evidence (ref.) Consequently, a great deal of research has focussed on the unreliability of eyewitness testimony (refs.).” , such a narrow focus may not fully explain how people remember (ref.). Reviews the chronological development of research in this area (an approach that is useful at times, but not always the best).Because such ‘contamination’ is common to memory, understanding its effects enables greater knowledge of memory itself (ref.). Discusses one key paper at a time by describing its methods and key findings, but then identifies weaknesses in the method and/or limitations in the findings.It should be a critical and analytical summary of the selected literature that guides the readers through the central theme of the research.Body is normally used for describing the different themes under the main topic by dividing them into different subheadings.The bulk of the chapter was on critically evaluating the different methodologies used in this field so as to identify the appropriate approach for investigating the research question(s). “Approximately 77,000 individuals are arrested in the United States each year based primarily on eyewitness testimony (ref.). Given the pivotal role that eyewitness testimony plays in some trials, it is important to establish whether or not the jury’s faith in this testimony is warranted.” 2.“One study has shown that eyewitness errors are the most common cause of false convictions (ref.).A literature review should begin with a thorough literature search using the main keywords in relevant online databases such as Google Scholar, Pub Med, etc.Once all the relevant literature has been gathered, it should be organized as follows: A literature review should not be a mere recounting of all the available information.