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The types of evidence you use will depend in part on the conventions of the discipline or audience for which you are writing.For example, papers analyzing literature may rely heavily on direct quotations of the text, while papers in the social sciences may have more paraphrasing, data, and statistics than quotations.
Examples of topics that might require the frequent use of quotations include: Southern colloquial expressions in William Faulkner’s Light in August Ms.
and the creation of a language of female empowerment A comparison of three British poets and their use of rhyme In order to lend variety to your prose, you may wish to quote a source with particularly vivid language.
For example, suppose you were writing an essay about the differences between the lives of male and female slaves in the U. It would then be appropriate to quote some of Jacobs’s words: Harriet Jacobs, a former slave from North Carolina, published an autobiographical slave narrative in 1861.
She exposed the hardships of both male and female slaves but ultimately concluded that “slavery is terrible for men; but it is far more terrible for women.” In this particular example, Jacobs is providing a crucial first-hand perspective on slavery. Jean Fagan Yellin (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1987).
Sometimes, in order to have a clear, accurate discussion of the ideas of others, you need to quote those ideas word for word. involvement, the wives and mothers of soldiers often noted in their diaries their fear that the war would drag on for years.
Suppose you want to challenge the following statement made by John Doe, a well-known historian: If it is especially important that you formulate a counterargument to this claim, then you might wish to quote the part of the statement that you find questionable and establish a dialogue between yourself and John Doe: Historian John Doe has argued that in 1941 “almost all Americans assumed the war would end quickly” (Doe 223). There will be times when you want to highlight the words of a particularly important and authoritative source on your topic. One of your most provocative sources is a narrative written by a former slave, Harriet Jacobs.
Check with your instructor if you are uncertain which to use. A colon or semicolon is placed outside the quotation marks (regardless of whether or not it exists in the quoted material).
a) Correct: Roberts (137) mentions “the divine right of kings”; the phrase did not become current in English until the late seventeenth century. B says that Pamela “may be thawed by kindness;” (180).
Used effectively, quotations can provide important pieces of evidence and lend fresh voices and perspectives to your narrative.
Used ineffectively, however, quotations can clutter your text and interrupt the flow of your argument.