Problem Solving By Systems

Problem Solving By Systems-69
This type of feedback, where an increase in one factor leads to a decrease in another factor, is called a negative feedback cycle.Systems Thinking can help us see the positive and negative feedback cycles that may be affecting an issue of importance to us. - It is important to be aware in these and other systems, as we attempt to optimize them, that feedback does not always happen instantly.

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"Systems thinking is a discipline for seeing wholes.

It is a framework for seeing interrelationships rather than things, for seeing patterns of change rather than static snapshots.

However, this pressure may backfire, as the child may simply feel even worse about his failing grades and this additional stress may lead to a further decrease in grades, exactly the opposite of the outcome the parents had intended.

Systems Thinking can help us avoid unintended consequences by making us aware of how they may be created by previously unrecognized feedback cycles or delays.

Imagine a child who lacks self-esteem and therefore is doing poorly in school.

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His parents, with the best of intentions, may begin to put pressure on him to do better in school.- In the above example, gang violence, family dysfunction and unemployment affect each other through feedback cycles.When unemployment increases, this may lead to increased stress on families and therefore greater dysfunction.For instance, if we give a person medication and they don't instantly get better, it would be dangerous to decide we need to give them more medication immediately, when in reality we simply need to wait for the medication they already received to kick in.Systems Thinking can help us remain aware of the time delays between the onset and effects of feedback relationships.It is a set of general principles distilled over the course of the twentieth century, spanning fields as diverse as the physical and social sciences, engineering, and management....During the last thirty years, these tools have been applied to understand a wide range of corporate, urban, regional, economic, political, ecological, and even psychological systems.This concept is summed up by the common phrase that "sometimes the cure is worse than the disease".This is the case when the cure is only addressing a part or a symptom of the system, rather than creating a root solution.Another important example involves medication, where an increase in medication in the bloodstream may not lead to a decrease in symptoms immediately.Understanding these delays is important so that we don't overreact during the lag period, thinking that no change is happening, when in fact it is just delayed.


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