Preparedness Theory Of Phobias

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Russian psychologist Ivan Pavlov established the study of classical conditioning (Bourne & Russo, 1998).

Kalat (1998) states that classical conditioning involves a modification of involuntary behaviour.

Suffering from a phobia can be a debilitating and distressing condition.

Phobias induce physiological responses and can impact upon daily routines, inhibiting life experiences and opportunities.

This is why we are more likely to fear snakes more than rocks.

Our ancestors developed genes of fear for objects that were harmful to them and passed them down to us, so we are more 'prepared' to fear them over objects that were not harmful to them in the past.

If evolution prepares us to learn to be afraid of fire, we will make an association between fear and fire much more quickly than between fear and a non prepared stimulus such as a rock.

These things included situations which can be dangerous/threatening to humans early in their evolution, such as fire, deep water, lightning, and heights.

While more people are likely to have unpleasant experiences with non-biological stimuli there is research to suggest that phobias have a biological specificity i.e.

most phobias are based upon a fear of biological stimuli (Jacobs & Nadel, 1985).

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  • The preparedness theory of phobias and human
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    Seligman's preparedness theory of phobias implies that fear-relevant stimuli are contraprepared for safety-signal conditioning. This means that it should be very difficult to establish a fear-relevant stimulus as a safety-signal in nonphobic subjects. This hypothesis was tested in an electrodermal conditioning.…

  • Preparedness theory and Phobias
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    Preparedness theory and Phobias. 1844 words 7 pages Essay in Psychology. Phobias induce physiological responses and can impact upon daily routines, inhibiting life experiences and opportunities. While more people are likely to have unpleasant experiences with non-biological stimuli.…

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    Preparedness theory essaysHow has preparedness theory attempted to integrate a Pavlovian model of the acquisition of specific phobias with this biological specificity? What is the status of Preparedness theory today? When confronted with a phobic object or situation an individual appears to have li.…

  • Biological Preparedness Theory of Phobias - Flashcards in A
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    Home A Level and IB Psychology Biological Preparedness Theory of Phobias. Passing on of traits, such as phobias, through genetics.…

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    Theories of Phobia Development. What is a phobia? A phobic disorder is a marked, persistent, andA triggering event is different for everyone, but generally a trauma or a time of severe stress. Preparedness theory of phobias is that people are instinctively predisposed toward certain fears.…

  • Major Theories on How Phobias Develop
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    According to this theory, phobias are based on anxiety reactions of the id that have been repressed by the ego. In other words, the currently feared objectNeuropsychologists have identified certain genetic factors that may play a role in the development of phobias. Although the research is still in its early.…

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    Disclaimer This work has been submitted by a student. This is not an example of the work produced by our Essay Writing Service. You can view samples of our professional work here. Any opinions, findings, conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the authors and do not…

  • Evolutionary Theory and Preparedness GCSE Psychology
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    The theory of evolution and preparedness can help explain biologically why people have phobias. To help you better understand this theory imagine this scenario There are two animals living in a forest. One day there is a forest fire, and one animal runs away.…

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