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The rise of the middle-class theatres caused the decline of both the patent houses in London and the Comédie-Française—the national theatre of France.After much political struggle, centring particularly around censorship, the Comédie-Française, unable to compete with the boulevard theatres, capitulated and presented the plays of the new school for the new audiences.
Antoine’s innovations did much to establish the principle that each play requires its own distinct setting.
In 1906, as director of the state-subsidized Théâtre de l’Odéon, he produced classical plays in which he strove for realism not by means of period decor and costume but by re-creating theatrical conventions of the 1600s..
The pattern of theatre was disrupted in England as productions were mounted in London and sent on tour.
The old provincial stock companies folded and theatres became touring venues rather than producing houses.
Prince of Wales’ Theatre, cleaned up the auditorium, and placed antimacassars on the seats.
The Painter Of Modern Life And Other Essays - Practice Drama Essay
They also dropped the melodrama and attracted a wide audience with the social comedies of Tom Robertson, making a considerable fortune in the process.
The change in status from enterprise to industry gave rise to the commercial theatre systems of the West End in London and Broadway in New York City.
Improvement in travel in general made it possible to increase the links between the two systems early in the 20th century, and the exchange of productions further extended the possibilities of profitable exploitation.
With the ideas of Antoine and Strindberg, the days of flapping canvas doors and kitchen shelves painted on the walls of the set came to be numbered.
The more natural and detailed the acting became, the more it clashed with a painted background.