I have studied the status of gei in Mandarin Chinese in two cases, gei as an agent marker or as an object marker: （1）羊给狼吃了。yáng gěi láng chī le sheep -GEI-wolf-eat-final particle, ‘The sheep has been eaten by the wolf.’（gei =agent marker） （2）狼给羊吃了。láng gěi yáng chī le wolf-GEI-sheep-eat-final particle, ‘The wolf has eaten the sheep’（gei＝object marker） This phenomenon in spoken Beijing Mandarin has been compared to its appearance in other dialects.The verb ‘to give’active marker is found in 22 dialects in China.
Examples In the following sentences, the passive construction is preferable because you want readers to focus on the result of an action rather than the person doing the action. In addition, in academic writing sometimes it is obvious, irrelevant or repetitive to state who the 'doer' of the sentence is: thus the passive voice is a useful way to construct these types of sentences.
It is also a way that the use of informal personal pronouns can be avoided; for example, 3. (1989) Four dimensional social space: Class, gender, ethnicity and nature. The text in the active voice focuses on the 'doers', that is society, rather than on women, the people acted on by the actions of others.
Often in academic writing, we don't want to focus on who is doing an action, but on who is receiving or experiencing the action.
The passive voice is thus extremely useful in academic writing because it allows writers to highlight the most important participants or events within sentences by placing them at the beginning of the sentence.
From the perspectives of passive structure translation, the study was expected to find out the...
more This study aimed at comparing the English passive voice with Indonesian passive voice using the English-Indonesian passive translation results.
The verb meaning ‘to give’ used as an agent marker is a generalizable phenomenon; the key step that gei can mark the passive is the connection between its original verb meaning (‘to give’) and its causative function.
Causative verbs actually constitute one of the common sources of passive markers in Chinese.
The Germanic varieties in the Netherlands exhibit several constructions that force the direct object out of its function and may therefore be classified as antipassives.
Examples are the simple exclusion of the object with certain...