The Nursing and Midwifery Board of Australia (NMBA) states, “Nurses value informed decision-making” (NMBA, 2016, p.1). Codes of Ethics for Nurses with Interpretive Statements. Retrieved from community-health-discussion-paper-v8Legal aid Victoria.
Prior to asking personal questions to Taylah, Nurse Pam permits for verbal consent of Taylah’s personal information for confidentially and privacy. Maryland, United States of America: Victorian Healthcare Association.
Common law has determined that a person is assumed to be capable of consenting unless a lack of capacity can be demonstrated (Atkins, Britton, Lacey, & S, 2012).
Seeking medical treatment of contraception without the consent of Taylahs parent’s, Nurse Pam must respect Taylahs autonomy and follow the principle of beneficence.
Pam must not be the direct cause of harm to Taylah if providing medication.
The principle of justice is defined to be fairness. Health professionals must obligate to perform ethical principles with patients under duty of care in order to minimise the risk of harm to the patient. Although principles of ethics may not present assertive answers, adhering to the principles can provide guidance to decisions being made upon the patient. Imposing harm is considered to be negligent if not issued appropriately. Confidentiality and Privacy: Protecting the duty of confidentiality is a vital component in maintaining ethical standards within the healthcare setting. The Health Services Act (1988), (Vic) states, health professionals should impose themselves to compel in maintaining silence regarding patient information and details. Throughout this essay, legal and ethical considerations such as consent, guardianship, ethical principles, confidentiality and privacy will further be discussed and applied to the case study using research of evidence.Consent: “Consent is an expression of a person’s right to determine their own life” (Atkins, Britton, Lacey, & S, 2012, p.111).In reference to the scenario, Taylah asked Pam who would have access to the information being shared in the room and whether or not anyone will find out. Taylah has the right to know why such information has been acquired as that is her privacy. In relation to the case study, justice applies as Pam has the duty of care for Taylah in consideration of her needs, including respecting her needs and demonstrating equality. As a health professional, without the use of principles of ethics, practice can lead to unsafe outcomes for the health professional and patient. The first being common law, a judge made law, and secondly, statutory law, that is a parliament made law. Taylah, who is 14-years-old has recently moved from Victoria to New South Wales (NSW), with her mother Bronwyn and mother’s partner John.As Taylah has recently become sexually active, she has been encouraged by the school nurse to seek a sexual health nurse for her safety and well-being.