For example, a client who constantly worries about car accidents might humorously wish loudly to get into a car accident to distance themselves from the fear.
Dereflection, based on “self-transcendence”, attempts to redirect unhealthy amounts of attention on a problem from the problem to a more meaningful object of attention.
logotherapy has developed methods for working with clients who suffer from phobias in their sexual behavior, have incurable diseases, or lead empty and meaningless lives” (Faramarzi & Bavali, 2017).
This shows the variety of contexts logotherapy can apply to.
Logotherapy can be used by itself to treat a mental health disorder, as most early psychotherapy was used.
It can also be used in a positive psychology context to help people with no discernible mental health disorders live a life with meaning, and in turn higher levels of well-being.Attitude modification focuses on modifying one’s attitude, as opposed to modifying one’s thoughts or behaviors.For example, a client who is grieving a recent loss might be encouraged to adopt a new attitude towards the loss in order to process their situation better.Logotherapy is considered to be the third school of Viennese psychotherapy, along with Sigmund Freud’s psychoanalysis and Alfred Adler’s individual psychology.Logotherapy is defined by the idea that humans are motivated by a “will to meaning” as opposed to the “will to pleasure” and “will to power” highlighted by Freud and Adler, respectively (Ameli & Dattilio, 2013).Logotherapy has recently been used to help support students, whether it’s in the context of giving elementary school students a sense of meaning and lowering their levels of depression (Kang et al., 2013), or in the context of giving first-year University students logotherapy-based support (Mason & Nel, 2011).Logotherapy has also been used to improve the quality of life of adolescents with terminal cancer (Kang et al., 2009).In fact, existential analysis “may be understood as the philosophical and scientific basis of logotherapy as well as an essential part of a theory proper” (Batthyany).For these purposes, existential analysis refers to the analysis of one’s own existence, which naturally flows into the question of meaning.Some of these techniques include paradoxical intention, dereflection, and attitude modification (Ameli & Dattilio, 2013).Paradoxical intention is a technique similar to exposure therapy where a client uses humor to get over their greatest fear.