Bleeding may result from gastrointestinal conditions such as ulcers, hemorrhoids, and cancer (Staff, 2011).
In addition, the use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs such as aspirin may cause such occurrences.
The human red blood cells live for about 120 days after which the liver and spleen remove them as new ones are formed.
The production of new RBCs occurs inside the bones in tissues known as the red marrow by stem cells.
These tests include testing the blood levels of vitamin b-12 and folic acids, undertaking the red blood cells count to determine the number, size, volume and the hemoglobin content, establishing the reticulocyte count, ferrite and iron levels (Zieve, 2011).
Anemia Treatment The treatment of anemia may take different approaches.Depending on the RBC concentration, the production and release of the erythropoietin fluctuates accordingly.Causes of Anemia Several factors interfere with the red blood cells’ count, size, volume, and the hemoglobin content.There are several forms of anemia - each with its cause.Although some forms of anemia are temporary and mild, others may be long-term and severe.In some specific types of anemia, constipation and tinkling may be present.Apart from evaluating the patient’s medical history and conducting a physical examination, medical professionals can perform blood tests to diagnose anemia.The production of this hormone takes place in the kidney cells, when the level of oxygen in the blood stream declines (Chiras, 2011).For example, when a person loses blood in an accident, this hormone stimulates the cells in the red bone marrow to divide and multiply thus increasing the RBC production.This results in the interference with the blood’s oxygen carrying capacity.Anemia may result from the reduction in the number of the circulating RBCs, a reduction in the hemoglobin content, the presence of abnormal hemoglobin in the RBC content, or the failure of the red blood cells to mature and develop appropriately (Chiras, 2011).