More...cranberry - First crane berry, so named because the plant grows on a stalk that looks like a crane's neck.
More...spire - In Old English, it meant "stalk" or "stem." More...stalk - In a car, the flexible arm holding the mounting by which a seatbelt is secured.
I cannot tell you when it happened that the process became a formula resulting in five-paragraph themes, but I believe it was the scoring rubric of the standardized test and pressure to teach our students how to be successful based on that rubric that resulted in formula writing.
Students' opening and closing sentences began to appear as standardized.
Only later did she consider what had become a concern among educators: that overemphasis on the five-paragraph theme had locked students into thinking it was the only way to write.
Now convinced, Moss examines her belief that focusing on the five-paragraph essay underprepares students for college.Further, she adds her voice to the cry of many educators—that students need writing connections across the curriculum.I did not always believe that the five-paragraph theme, as a standard, underprepared students for college.As a middle school language arts teacher for ten years in Texas, I came to believe in practice that this was the writing standard in Texas as we were given models of rubric scoring to evaluate our students' essays.These rubrics resulted in teachers preparing students to write five-paragraph themes.If the prompt read, "compare and contrast life in a rural community with life in an urban community," our students knew to begin the essay with a topic sentence something like this, "It is not hard to compare and contrast life in a rural community with life in an urban community." Or they might begin by stating, "Life in a rural community and life in an urban area are alike and different in several ways." Sometimes we would give our students ten prompts and have them write opening and closing sentences for each of them.We also instructed our students on the importance of using transition words to maintain a cohesive flow between their ideas, examples, details, or reasons.For the most part, language arts teachers were successful within this accountability system as demonstrated by test scores, yet the number of students, like my own son, who were not prepared for college writing raised a doubt about the focus on five-paragraph themes.We began with the best of intentions, focusing on the writing process—brainstorming, drafting, responding and revising, editing, and publishing.Prompt 4Many experts believe that fast-food restaurants are contributing to teen's obesity.They point to high-calorie meals that can be quickly ordered and consumed.