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Almost all innocent individuals exonerated by DNA evidence had been convicted primarily as a result of erroneous eyewitness evidence (ref.) Consequently, a great deal of research has focussed on the unreliability of eyewitness testimony (refs.).” , such a narrow focus may not fully explain how people remember (ref.). Reviews the chronological development of research in this area (an approach that is useful at times, but not always the best).Because such ‘contamination’ is common to memory, understanding its effects enables greater knowledge of memory itself (ref.). Discusses one key paper at a time by describing its methods and key findings, but then identifies weaknesses in the method and/or limitations in the findings.For more information on how to paraphrase and summarise effectively, please see the citing and referencing tutorial on the Research and Learning Online website.
A literature review surveys books, scholarly articles, and any other sources relevant to a particular issue, area of research, or theory, and by so doing, provides a description, summary, and critical evaluation of these works in relation to the research problem being investigated.
Literature reviews are designed to provide an overview of sources you have explored while researching a particular topic and to demonstrate to your readers how your research fits within a larger field of study.
The video below contains tips for writing a good research question.
Paraphrasing and summarising are key skills required in a literature review.
Within the review, you need to identify patterns, consensus, inconsistencies, discrepancies, problems or gaps based on the body of literature.
Ultimately, the literature review will contribute something new to the topic, so it will not be a discussion that has been repeated or previously established in the past.
However, the distinguishing feature between the two explanations is that …” …
“Whilst biased guessing may account for the misinformation effect that occurs in some instances (refs.), research suggests that it is not the only reason for the occurrence of the misinformation effect. This suggests that the misinformation effect may be due at least partially to memory impairment, rather than just biased guessing.” 5.
It may not be called a Literature Review but gives you an idea of how one is created in miniature.
The overall goals of this chapter were firstly to establish the significance of the general field of study, then identify a place where a new contribution could be made.