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People were outraged and lost faith in the system in which they relied on.
This model was retained until the Young Persons Act 1933 which introduced a system that was an amalgamation of welfare and punitive measures for crime control .
After the second World War, when Labour was elected in government, the Children Act 1945 took the system back to its welfare character while the Children and Young Persons Act 1963 introduced stronger welfarism institutions.
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This moved away from the punitive model, coming a step closer to more inclusive responses to crime.
These are now grouped under the umbrella name of restorative justice.
According to Watson and Austin: “The Children’s Act 1908, heralded as the Children’s chapter, was a highly progressive measure; the most important of its provisions was the establishing of the separate juvenile court from which the public were to be excluded” .
The first juvenile system was based on the welfare model whereby the state is deemed to be the principal responsible for the well being and successful living of its citizens.
This could potentially lead them to remorse and amendment.
This new foundation of juvenile justice was found in the norms and principles of an old paradigm which was favoured by the early communities.