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Five organizations, including Catholics for a Free Choice (CDD); Gender Equity: Citizenship, Work, and Family; the Information Group on Reproductive Choice (GIRE); Ipas; and the Population Council, contributed to the design of the Opinion Survey in Urban Zones in Tlaxcala, 2005, which was carried out by Health and Demographic Investigation (Insad). We used a multi-stage probability sampling methodology, with Geostatistic Areas (AGEBs), which were created during the General Census of Population and Dwellings 2000, as the primary sampling units.
We chose Tlaxcala for our survey due to its proximity to Mexico City and because abortion is legal in fewer circumstances than in other states (only pregnancy resulting from rape, serious risk to the life or health of the woman, and an accident/fall that could induce miscarriage).
Currently, Tlaxcala's abortion laws are similar to those that existed in Mexico City prior to its legalization of first trimester abortions in April 2007.
Al momento de circunscribirlo a circunstancias específicas, la mayoría estuvo a favor en cinco de las nueve de situaciones hipotéticas planteadas.
En análisis multivariado, edad, escolaridad, religión, asistencia a servicios religiosos y opiniones sobre el rol social femenino fueron variables significativas del apoyo que se brinda a una mujer para ejercer su derecho a interrumpir un embarazo.
We also asked opinions on women's roles in Mexican society.
We wanted to explore if there is an association between traditional roles for women (marriage, child rearing, etc.) and holding more liberal views on reproductive health and abortion.CONCLUSIONES: Los residentes de Tlaxcala perciben el tema del aborto como una decisión personal y apoyan el derecho de una mujer a interrumpirlo especialmente bajo causales contempladas en la ley de Tlaxcala.Public opinion on abortion varies in Mexico, and most states allow abortion only when a pregnancy results from rape or when there is a risk to the woman's life or health.The margin of error for point estimates is ± 3 percent (CI 90 percent).Our survey includes questions regarding opinions on women's status in society, support for abortion rights, and knowledge about abortion laws and drugs that induce abortion such as misoprostol.On the other hand, those who hold more progressive views about women's status in society, believing that they should have equal opportunity as men to pursue careers and education, are more likely to support legal abortion.A possible explanation for this could be that people who hold more liberal views about women's roles in society could extend this view to health, specifically, a woman's right to make her own decisions regarding fertility and abortion.In the final stage, we chose one person in each household, with all permanent residents over the age of 18 having an equal probability of being chosen.A total of 950 households were sampled (475 in each city).CONCLUSIONS: Our results demonstrate that residents of Tlaxcala view abortion as a personal decision and support a woman's right to abortion in more circumstances than currently allowed under state law.OBJETIVO: Describir opiniones sobre salud sexual y reproductiva, aborto y rol social de las mujeres entre un grupo de residentes de Tlaxcala, México.