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Children brought up in such an environment are likely to be part of the means-tested benefits system.This in turn increases the chances of a child being subjected to levels of poverty for a long period of time. Miller (1989) notes that the fact the majority of lone parents are female and in low paid employment is reflective of gender discrepancies within marriage and within the labour force.
In sum, the Labour government has actively attempted to fulfill its promise to address the issue of child poverty in the UK.
This is further supported by Miller and Ridge’s (2002) assessment that children and young people in general have become much more visible in the policy process under Labour’s leadership and this in itself is a significant development.
Prejudice in the workplace leave ethnic minority groups susceptible to low pay and unemployment; the risk of unemployment for people from ethnic communities is three or four times greater than that of white people (Howard et al, 2001).
The links between child poverty and disability are plainly apparent.
a) What are the main causes of child poverty in the UK today?
Critical Reading And Thinking Ppt - Essays On Child Poverty In The Uk
The United Kingdom is widely regarded as having one of the worst rates of child poverty in the industrialised world.b) What has the government done to alleviate child poverty?The Labour governments rise to power in 1997 brought a shift in policy towards addressing child poverty.In 1995/96, 54% of all children in poverty were living in workless households (Gregg et al, 1999).Unemployment within families not only brings economic disadvantage but can also have negative implications on a child’s aspirations and social development.This sentiment was echoed by the findings of the 2007 UNICEF Innocenti Report – a comprehensive assessment of the lives and well-being of children and adolescents in economically advanced nations – which ultimately concluded that of the 21 countries involved, the UK boasted the most alarming child poverty statistics.The End Child Poverty study conducted in 2008 revealed that approximately four million children were living in poverty in the UK.In sum, it is clear by careful consideration of the above factors, that these are not isolated risks but risks that are intrinsically linked and in many cases underpinned.Any policies intended to prevent child poverty must tackle these risk factors head on, focusing specifically on the surroundings and circumstances in which poverty stricken children inhabit.The amount a family are entitled too is based on their income. According to Sloman (2007), apart from targeting support at poorer families, both the WTC and CTC are intended to improve incentives to work, by reducing the poverty trap.In simple terms, families are no longer heavily penalised through lost benefits and taxes by working.