Essay On Load Shedding In Pakistan 2011

Essay On Load Shedding In Pakistan 2011-15
NREL, together with the United States Agency for International Development (USAID), has identified a total gross wind resource of 346,000 MW in Pakistan, where approximately 120,000 MW can be technically exploited to power the national gird [].At the moment, the first phase of the Zorlu wind project generating 6 MW is in operation whilst a 56 MW plant is yet to be installed.

Among the different renewable energy sources, solar energy has received the most research attention [] showed that the interior part of the county consists of mainly agricultural land, which is appropriate for the development of biomass feedstock, whereas northern and southern corridors have a significant potential for hydro, wind, and solar.

This finding is useful as it might possibly improve the diverse energy supply market and decrease the dependency on imported fuels and environmental pollution. This organization plays an important role in narrowing the gap between demand and supply of electricity by promoting the utilization of renewable energy.

As a result, many entrepreneurs and industrialists have invested and moved their businesses to neighboring countries [Sustainable supply of energy to meet the current and future domestic and industrial demands in Pakistan will rely on full-scale generation from the different energy sources in order to make significant contributions to the supply chain.

Current energy generation has a huge financial burden on the country’s economy due to the importation of oil to support existing mix, and the situation is heightened by the rapid declination of domestic gas assets.

Renewable energy in Pakistan was reported to be Pakistan has four main renewable energy sources. These resources have a significant potential to provide solutions to the long-lasting energy crisis in Pakistan [].

Hence, a steady development of these resources is a crucial step to overcome the existing energy challenges in an environmental friendly manner.According to the Board of Investment Pakistan, the installed power capacity is 22,797 MW.However, current generation stands between 12,000 and 13,000 MW per day, against peak a demand of 17,000 to 21,000 MW [].Pakistan is one of the most populated countries in the southern Asia region, contributing approximately 2.56 % of the total global population.The country is expected to serve as an international trade and energy corridor in the near future due to its strategic location [].This figure has increased up to 50 % during the summer of 2012 [].A routine problem is that electricity supply cannot be maintained during peak hours, resulting in frequent power shutdown (load shedding) of 13–14 h in urban areas, and 16–19 h in rural areas.Out of 42 examined sites, seven have a capacity factor ranging from 10 to 18 % and are appropriate for Bonus wind turbines (Model 600/44 MK IV) [].However, the potential of these sites is still being explored although the capacity is not enough to contribute to the national grid.Different wind power projects with a cumulative capacity of approximately 964 MW are at different phases of construction and would be completed in the near future.The Pakistan Council of Renewable Energy Technologies (PCRET) has installed nearly 150 small wind turbines ranging between 0.49 and 9 k W with a cumulative power output of 160 k W at the different areas of Sindh and Baluchistan, powering 1569 homes including 9 security check posts [].

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