~ Noam Chomsky The public, therefore, among a democratic people, has a singular power, which aristocratic nations cannot conceive; for it does not persuade others to its beliefs, but it imposes them and makes them permeate the thinking of everyone by a sort of enormous pressure of the mind of all upon the individual intelligence.
~ Alexis de Tocqueville Human affairs have scarcely ever been so happily constituted as that the better course pleased the greater number.
but not for theories of Majoritarian Electoral Democracy.~ Martin Gilens and Benjamin I.
Page While the US pays lip service to democracy, the real commitment is to "private, capitalist enterprise." When the rights of investors are threatened, democracy has to go; if these rights are safeguarded, killers and torturers will do just fine.
This is not to say we should allow people to be rude or offensive.
But these types of expressions should be dealt with by society, not by the state.When citizens are relatively equal, politics has tended to be fairly democratic. The holder of so-called high public office is always merely an extension of the hated ruling corporate class. Jackson People think they have taken quite an extraordinarily bold step forward when they have rid themselves of belief in hereditary monarchy and swear by the democratic republic.When a few individuals hold enormous amounts of wealth, democracy suffers. Through campaign contributions, lobbying, influence over public discourse, and other means, wealth can be translated into political power. In reality, however, the state is nothing but a machine for the oppression of one class by another, and indeed in the democratic republic no less than in the monarchy.In other words, the state should not be called upon to regulate manners.A democratic society must have diversity in thought and opinion.Such a government will have many supporters, for most persons would rather live in a disorderly than in a sober manner.~ Aristotle Economic elites and organized groups representing business interests have substantial independent impacts on U. government policy, while average citizens and mass-based interest groups have little or no independent influence.The results provide substantial support for theories of Economic-Elite Domination, ...These representatives meet to form a governing body, such as a legislature.In a constitutional democracy the powers of the majority are exercised within the framework of a representative democracy, but the constitution limits the majority and protects the minority, usually through the enjoyment by all of certain individual rights, e.g. "Rule of the majority" is commonly referred to as democracy.When wealth is highly concentrated—that is, when a few individuals have enormous amounts of money—political power tends to be highly concentrated, too. ~ Friedrich Engels Democracy and plutocracy are the same thing ... Page and Martin Gilens By means of ever more effective methods of mind-manipulation, the democracies will change their nature; the quaint old forms— elections, parliaments, Supreme Courts and all the rest—will remain. Democracy and freedom will be the theme of every broadcast and editorial. Meanwhile the ruling oligarchy and its highly trained elite of soldiers, policemen, thought-manufacturers and mind-manipulators will quietly run the show as they see fit.~ Aldous Huxley An electoral choice of ten different fascists is like choosing which way one wishes to die.