The purpose of the abstract is to give a brief overview of a study so the reader can quickly determine if they should read the full article or not.
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Try it risk-free This lesson explores how the American Psychological Association recommends research articles and projects be set up.
Each section is sufficiently explained to increase familiarity with the pieces of a research article.
Typically, a research article has an introduction and skips the literature review because the article will be published in a journal where people are familiar with the field.
A lengthy project, like a dissertation or thesis, has a separate literature review section to demonstrate your ability to search and understand the literature in the field.
Two major components of a discussion section are: what the research failed to study and suggestions on directions for future research studies.
Researchers may, after they have completed their work, find things they could have focused on more or entirely missed.
A title might read, 'The Effects of Caffeine on Simple Tasks.' So anyone searching for information on caffeine or simple tasks will come across your study.
The abstract is a one-paragraph summary of the entire study.