Democracy Institutions Essay

World leaders pledged in the Millennium Declaration to spare no effort to promote democracy and strengthen the rule of law, as well as respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms.

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Such activities are inseparable from the UN’s work in promoting human rights, development, and peace and security, and include: Since 1991 the United Nations has provided various forms of electoral assistance to more than 100 countries — including advisory services, logistics, training, civic education, computer applications and short-term observation.

Democracy has emerged as a cross-cutting issue in the outcomes of the major United Nations conferences and summits since the 1990s and in the internationally agreed development goals they produced.

These values are embodied in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and further developed in the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, which enshrines a host of political rights and civil liberties underpinning meaningful democracies.

United Nations activities in support of democracy and governance are carried out through the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), the United Nations Democracy Fund (UNDEF), the Department of Peacekeeping Operations (DPKO), the Department of Political Affairs (DPA), the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR),and the United Nations Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women (UN Women), among others.

Democracy is a universally recognized ideal and is one of the core values and principles of the United Nations.

It provides an environment for the protection and effective realization of human rights.Democracy is as much a process as a goal, and only with the full participation of and support by the international community, national governing bodies, civil society and individuals, can the ideal of democracy be made into a reality to be enjoyed by everyone, everywhere.back to top When the founders of the United Nations drafted the Charter 70 years ago, they did not include the word democracy. In 1945, still more than today, many of the UN's Member States did not espouse democracy as a system. And yet, in the seven decades since the Charter was signed, the UN as an institution has done more to support and strengthen democracy around the world than any other global organization -- from fostering good governance to monitoring elections, from supporting civil society to strengthening democratic institutions and accountability, from ensuring self-determination in decolonized countries to assisting the drafting of new constitutions in nations post-conflict.The UN General Assembly has reaffirmed that “democracy is a universal value based on the freely expressed will of people to determine their political, economic, social and cultural systems and their full participation in all aspects of their lives,” as previously stated in the outcome document of the World Summit in September 2005.At that summit governments renewed their commitment to support democracy and welcomed the establishment of a Democracy Fund at the United Nations.The Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women stipulates that its 189 States parties (as of July 2015) shall take all appropriate measures that ensure to women, on equal terms with men, the right to vote and stand for elections, and participate in public life and decision-making (article 7), including at the international level (article 8).United Nations activities in support of democracy and governance are implemented through the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), the United Nations Democracy Fund (UNDEF), the Department of Peacekeeping Operations (DPKO), the Department of Political Affairs (DPA), the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR), and the United Nations Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women (UN Women) among others.In July 2010, as part of a resolution on system-wide reform, the United Nations General Assembly created UN Women, mandated to coordinate the gender mainstreaming work of the UN System.In doing so, UN Member States took an historic step in accelerating the Organization’s goals on gender equality and the empowerment of women.This brings home the fact that democracy is one of the universal and indivisible core values and principles of the United Nations.It is based on the freely expressed will of people and closely linked to the rule of law and exercise of human rights and fundamental freedoms.

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