Survivors bear the physical and emotional scars of terror, torture, and rape.
Combined with the constraints on their freedom, these conditions have made it nearly impossible for women to make a living on their own under the Taliban.
Despite the fall of the Taliban in late 2001, many observers continue to report that conditions for most women have not changed substantially.
Despite the fall of the Taliban in late 2001, many observers continue to report that conditions for most women has not changed substantially.* --------------------- *This discussion is based on Women War Peace. Conflict has a variety of economic costs both as direct consequence of violence and as foregone choices in order to fund the conflict.
To provide one extreme example, World War II is estimated to have cost over $1.3 trillion. In most instances, conflict is accompanied by a drop in GNP as resources and manpower are redirected away from productive endeavors.
Loss of life is perhaps the most obvious cost of violent intractable conflict.
Throughout history, technological advancements have made it easier and cheaper to kill more people, whether in domestic conflict or interstate war.
The workforce is scattered, either enlisted in the conflict or otherwise displaced as refugees.
War and sabotage often leave infrastructure in ruins.  See Conflict/index.cfm#Let's Calculate for an example of calculating the cost of conflict (at least in the American context). "Measuring Conflict: Both The Hidden Costs and the Benefits of Conflict Management Interventions" June 16, 2004).; Stewart Levine, "The Many Costs of Conflict," June 21, 2004); Kenneth W.
They also often must deal with lasting psychological effects from the trauma suffered.
Deep fear, distrust, depression, and sense of hopelessness can last long after the conflict is supposedly "resolved." Landmines and unexploded munitions have proven an insidious problem long after a conflict's end as well.