“If the highest level is already prescribed then creativity may be limited to that pre-determined level,” says Fluckiger.“Students may surprise us if we leave quality open-ended.” The main disadvantage of single-point rubrics is that using them requires more writing on the teacher’s part.Because I can’t find the right language to highlight, I find myself hand-writing justifications for a score in whatever space I can find. With a single-point rubric, there’s no attempt to predict all the ways a student might go wrong.
In 2010, Jarene Fluckiger studied a collection of teacher action research studies on the use of single-point rubrics.
She found that student achievement increased with the use of these rubrics, especially when students helped create them and used them to self-assess their work.
A single-point rubric for breakfast in bed would look like this: Notice that the language in the “Criteria” column is exactly the same as the “3” column in the analytic rubric.
When your loved ones receive this rubric, it will include your written comments on one or both sides of each category, telling them exactly how they fell short (“runny eggs,” for example) and how they excelled (“vase of flowers”).
This is where we see the main advantage of the analytic rubric: It is also good for the teacher, because it gives her the ability to justify a score on paper, without having to explain everything in a later conversation.
Analytic rubrics have two significant disadvantages, however: (1) . For each one, we’ll look at an example, explore its pros and cons, and provide a blank template you can use to create your own. The levels can be labeled with numbers (such as 1 through 4), letters (such as A through F) or words (such as ). It lists three to five levels of performance, along with a broad description of the characteristics that define each level.You see them in standardized testing — the essay portion of the SAT is scored with a 0-6 holistic rubric.When hundreds of thousands of essays have to be graded quickly, and by total strangers who have no time to provide feedback, a holistic rubric comes in handy.” If the teacher is the explaining kind, he will spend a few minutes breaking down the score.If not, he’ll say something like, “Read the rubric.” Then the student has to guess which factors had the biggest influence on her score.Although many holistic rubrics list specific characteristics for each level, the teacher gives only one score, without breaking it down into separate qualities.This often leads the student to approach the teacher and ask, “Why did you give me a 2?Writing up descriptors of satisfactory work — completing the “3” column in this rubric, for example — is enough of a challenge on its own.But to have to define all the ways the work could go wrong, and all the ways it could exceed expectations, is a big, big task.