A now lost manuscript known as the , a poem surviving in just two fragments, clearly belongs to the same secular heroic tradition.
Set during the reign of Attila the Hun (434–53) and briefly relating parts of the legend of Walter of Aquitaine, it recalls death in battle, contains martial boasts and celebrates the gain and loss of fame and material wealth and the weapons of war.
Save for a few deserters, almost all of Byrthnoth’s men face death by his side, delivering a series of rousing speeches.
The elderly warrior Byrhtwold faces his death by saying: The mind must be the harder, the heart the keener the spirit the greater, as our strength lessens.
Very high quality essay, citations from text included.The attribute of courage is clearly evident throughout the entire poem.Everything Beowulf does is a direct link to courage.Mike Bintley introduces some of the key texts of the genre, including The literature of the Anglo-Saxons (c.450–1100) is abundant in heroic, or epic, poetry: narrative poems which recount the deeds of heroic figures who overcome significant challenges in the pursuit of goals that were deemed virtuous by the standards of the day.We hear of Offa of Angeln, who ‘with one sword marked a boundary against the Myrgings at Fifeldor’, and of the Gothic king Eormanric, who gave Widsith a collar worth 600 coins of pure gold.But this praise was not only for the ancient world, and the Anglo-Saxons made use of the same poetic language, symbols and motifs to memorialise contemporary victories – and defeats.Ancient Anglo-Saxon society was based around four highly valued traits; Courage, Generosity, Loyalty, and Courtesy.It is of these four characteristics in which many epic tales were created, and thus passed down for many years through oral account.In the commemorates the victory of West Saxon and Mercian armies over a combined force of Scots and Vikings, celebrating above all else the slaughter of the invading army, and the shame of those who survived to slink back to their ships.The most famous Old English battle poem, (‘pride’ or ‘overconfidence’) to get the better of him.