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Before starvation set in, Malthus advised that steps be taken to help the positive checks to do their work.He wrote: It is an evident truth that, whatever may be the rate of increase in the means of subsistence, the increase in population must be limited by it, at least after the food has been divided into the smallest shares that will support life.Thomas Malthus believed that natural rates of human reproduction, when unchecked, would lead to geometric increases in population: population would grow in a ratio of 2, 4, 8, 16, 32, 64 and so on.
Preventative checks reduced the birth rate; positive checks increased the death rate.
Moral restraint, vice and birth control were the primary preventative checks.
There are two versions of Thomas Robert Malthus’s Essay on the Principle of Population.
The first, published anonymously in 1798, was so successful that Malthus soon elaborated on it under his real name.
In our towns we should make the streets narrower, crowd more people into the houses, and court the return of the plague.
In the country we should build our villages near stagnant pools, and particularly encourage settlements in all marshy and unwholesome situations.
we might probably every one of us marry at the age of puberty and yet few be absolutely starved. ] In Malthus' opinion, the masses were incapable of exercising moral restraint, which was the only real remedy for the population problem.
They were therefore doomed to live always at bare subsistence level.
But above all, we should reprobate specific remedies for ravaging diseases: and those benevolent, but much mistaken men, who have thought they were doing a service to mankind by projecting schemes for the total extirpation of particular disorders.
If by these and similar means the annual mortality were increased ...