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It is an important showcase of your talents of: understanding, interpretation, analysis, clarity of thought, synthesis, and development of argument.The process of conducting and reporting your literature review can help you clarify your own thoughts about your study.
At undergraduate level literature reviews can be a separate stand alone assessment.
The literature review is generally in the format of a standard essay made up of three components: an introduction, a body and a conclusion.
You show your understanding by analysing and then synthesising the information to: Work out what you need to address in the literature review.
What are you being asked to do in your literature review? Check your assignment question and your criteria sheet to know what to focus on. Select appropriate source material: Use a variety of academic or scholarly sources that are relevant, current and authoritative.
Unlike the writer of a researched report, who tends to formulate a question and research answers for it, the review writer develops a question and then looks at how other researchers in published studies have answered this and related questions.
The writer then analyzes the points these studies have made and determines how each has addressed the question(s).It is not a list like an annotated bibliography in which a summary of each source is listed one by one.At university you may be asked to write a literature review in order to demonstrate your understanding of the literature on a particular topic.Finally, the writer synthesizes (brings together) information from the other studies as evidence for each of the points that s/he is going to make.Here are some steps to follow when writing a literature review: 1.Identify and develop a research question/main idea. Example: Research shows that diversity training often fails in workplaces. What needs to be done to have successful diversity training? Example: Some key points in the literature on why diversity training programs are not working are 1) organizations are not managing diversity, 2) diversity training is focused on differences and not on the “valuing” of diversity, 3) training programs are not inclusive of the organization’s entire workforce.A literature review is a critical analysis of published sources, or literature, on a particular topic.It is an assessment of the literature and provides a summary, classification, comparison and evaluation.At postgraduate level literature reviews can be incorporated into an article, a research report or thesis.You will need to synthesise several of your reviewed readings into each paragraph, so that there is a clear connection between the various sources.You will need to critically analyse each source for how they contribute to the themes you are researching.