When O’Brien tells Winston that 2 plus 2 equals five, Winston must believe it, for he is not permitted any other option.
Expanding on that idea, the Party states, “Who controls the past controls the future; who controls the present controls the past,” (204).
This means that they are under constant surveillance and lack any freedom over their own actions.
Here's a quote related to how it is used by the Party: Secondly, the Party rewrites history so that it has total control over the information given to its citizens.
“Totalitarianism: Of, relating to, being, or imposing a form of government in which the political authority exercises absolute and centralized control over all aspects of life, the individual is subordinated to the state, and opposing political and cultural expression is suppressed,” (dictionary. Essentially, totalitarianism is a type of government in which the person or people in power seek to maintain absolute control over every person under their authority, with virtually all importance eliminated from the concept of an individual.
The term was characterized by Hannah Arendt, the German-American political theorist who wrote The Origins of Totalitarianism, inspired by Hitler and Stalin of the just-finished World War II and just-starting Cold War.Winston Smith, the main character in 1984, commits a thoughtcrime at the beginning of the book when he purchases a diary and in it writes, “Down with Big Brother,” (19).He then reflects on the inevitable consequences of his action: “Whether he went on with the diary, or whether he did not go on with it, made no difference.Reality exists in the human mind, and nowhere else.Not in the individual mind, which can make mistakes, and in any case soon perishes; only in the mind of the Party, which is collective and immortal. It is impossible to see reality except by looking through the eyes of the Party,” (205). They argue that reality can only become reality when it is believed; additionally, the believed reality is the only reality.In his 1984, Orwell creates a strictly totalitarian society, offering an alarming glimpse into a possible future.Orwell’s society shows every characteristic named above in the definition of totalitarianism, its government’s sole goal to maintain power.His writing of "DOWN WITH BIG BROTHER" and his writing .First of all, the Party uses "telescreens" to monitor the every movement of its citizens.The society of 1984 functioned on the belief that control over the human mind is control over reality.As O’Brien, an important member of the Orwellian government referred to as the Party, says, “Reality is not external.